What is an understatement?
An understatement is a figure of speech used by writers or speakers to intentionally make a situation seem less important than it really is. This can be done for an ironic effect or to be humble and polite.
After winning a bumper prise an understatement would be I am kind of happy
A guest at your table breaks a plate and you say it’s hardly noticeable.
Your Expensive car bumps into a tree and you compensate the loss by saying It’s a small loss.
We can also use understatement to create humour. They lower down the severity of a situation and draw the attention of a reader.