Active Voice Passive/ Passive voice
In active sentences, the subject acts upon its verb. Or we can say in most English sentences with an action verb, the subject performs the action denoted by the verb.
Sara wrote a descriptive essay.
Sara (subject) as she is doing the writing(verb).
Passive voice means that a subject is a recipient of a verb’s action. Or we can say that the subject is acted upon by the verb.
A descriptive essay was written by Sara.
A descriptive essay(subject) was written (verb) by Sara.
Note in this sentence how the subject-verb relationship has changed.
I hope after studying these examples you know the difference between both types of narration.
Now we will learn how to change Active into passive voice and vice versa. Let me tell you an easy way to find out whether a statement is active or passive.
Focus on the subject in each type of sentence. Is the subject performing the action denoted by the verb? If yes, then you must have an active voice statement. If you feel that the subject of the sentence is not the doer of the action, But the recipient of the action.
The structural formula for active voice.
Let me reinforce that an Active Voice statement always begins the subject followed by the verbs and object respectively. On the contrary, a passive voice statement begins with the object, followed by the verb and then the subject is placed at last.